British Forces in the Mediterranean were thin on the ground in 1941. Greece had fallen and the evacuated troops were moved to Crete. Here on 20 May the Germans launched Operation MERCURY to assault and capture the island with parachute, air-landed and amphibious troops. This was the first mass parachute operation of the war, and for the Germans, the last, although victory was theirs in a very short time. This report is fundamental to an understanding of the Battle for Crete and was compiled with access to General Freyburg and many other members of the defeated forces. The importance of this report cannot be over-emphasised.